How to create archives and compressed files?

How to create a .tar, .tar.gz and .tar.bz2 file?

# tar -cf example.tar example
# tar -zcf example.tar.gz example
# tar -jcf example.tar.bz2 example

root@server [~]# ll
drwxr-xr-x  2 root     root      4096 Dec  6 07:02 example/
-rw-r–r–  1 root     root     30720 Dec  6 08:11 example.tar
-rw-r–r–  1 root     root       912 Dec  6 08:11 example.tar.bz2
-rw-r–r–  1 root     root       659 Dec  6 08:11 example.tar.gz

How to extract a .tar, .tar.gz and .tar.bz2 file?

# tar -xf example.tar
# tar -zxf example.tar.gz
# tar -jxf example.tar.bz2

If you use ‘v’ switch in the above examples, it will display detail message during the command execution.

How to compress a file using zip, gzip and bzip2?

# zip file
# gzip file
# bzip2 file

root@server [~]# ll
-rw-r–r–  1 root     root       14 Dec  6 08:16 file.bz2
-rw-r–r–  1 root     root       25 Dec  6 08:15 file.gz
-rw-r–r–  1 root     root      140 Dec  6 08:15

How to extract zip, gzip and bzip2 compressed files?

# unzip
# gunzip file.gz
# bzip2 -d file.bz2

With gunzip and bzip2, the files will be extracted but you will no longer have the compressed file.

This entry was posted on Sunday, December 6th, 2009 and is filed under Linux Administration. You can follow any responses to this entry through the RSS 2.0 feed. Both comments and pings are currently closed.

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